Biotechnology Class 11 Syllabus 2024
The syllabus consists of four units: (i) Biotechnology: An overview (ii) Molecules of Life (iii) Genetics and Molecular Biology (iv) Cells and Organisms.
|Unit - I||Biotechnology: An overview||5|
|Unit - II||Molecules of Life||20|
|Unit - III||Genetics and Molecular Biology||20|
|Unit - IV||Cells and Organisms||25|
Unit I: Biotechnology: An overview
Chapter 1: Introduction to Biotechnology
Historical Perspectives, Technology and Applications of Biotechnology, Global market and Biotech Products.
Unit II: Molecules of Life
Chapter 1: Biomolecules: Building Blocks
Building Blocks of Carbohydrates - Sugars and their Derivatives, Building Blocks of Proteins - Amino Acids, Building Blocks of Lipids - Simple Fatty Acids, Glycerol and Cholesterol, Building Blocks of Nucleic Acids - Nucleotides.
Chapter 2: Macromolecules: Structure & Function
Carbohydrates - The Energy Givers, Proteins - The Performers, Enzymes - The Catalysts, Lipids and Biomembranes - The Barriers, Nucleic Acids - The Managers
Unit III: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Chapter 1: Concepts of Genetics
Historical Perspective, Multiple Alleles, Linkage and Crossing Over, Genetic Mapping.
Chapter 2: Genes and Genomes: Structure and Function
Discovery of DNA as Genetic Material, DNA Replication, Fine Structure of the Genes, From Gene to Protein, Transcription - The Basic Process, Genetic Code, Translation, Mutations, Human Genetic Disorders.
Unit IV: Cells and Organisms
Chapter 1: The Basic Unit of Life
Cell Structure and Components, Organization of Life
Chapter 2: Cell Growth and Development
Cell Division, Cell Cycle, Cell Communication, Nutrition, Reproduction, Immune Response in Animals.